Statistics South Africa has published the results of its 2011 General Household Survey. Key findings are reported below.
EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT:
34,5% of children aged 0-4 participated in an early childhood stimulation or education centre or programme. Children in Mpumalanga (86,8%) and the Northern Cape (72,7%) were most likely to participate and those in KwaZulu-Natal (48,6%) were least likely to do so.
73,6% of people aged 7-24 attended an educational institution. Those who did not attend cited a lack of money as the primary reason.
Despite lack of money barring many from attending and/or completing their studies, the no-fee policy has increased the number of children not paying fees from 0,7% in 2002 to 55,6% in 2011.
74,2% of public school learners attending schools offering school nutrition benefitted from this programme.
The percentage of children graduating grade 12 has increased from 21,5% in 2002 to 27,4% in 2011.
91,9% of South Africans can read and write.
PROTECTION AGAINST VIOLENCE AT SCHOOLS:
Corporal punishment has increased at schools, despite it being outlawed. In 2011, 17,2% of learners indicated that they experienced corporal punishment at schools compared to 16,8% in 2009. Increases were much higher in a number of provinces such as Limpopo where it jumped from 14,6% to 19,3%.
16,1% of South Africans belong to a medical aid.
83,6% of households that attended a public health-care facility were satisfied with the service they received.
6,3% of persons over the age of 4 are living with a disability, compared to 5,7% in 2009.
29,6% of individuals benefited from social grants, compared to 12,9% in 2002.
15,3% of households lived in RDP housed in 2011, but 15,5% raised concerns about the quality of the structures.
82, 7% of households are connected to the mains electricity supply in 2011, compared to 76,8% in 2002.
However, 47, 2% of households in Limpopo and 36% in the Eastern Cape still use wood and paraffin for cooking.
WATER ACCESS AND USE:
Access to water services has improved since 2002 with 89, 5% of households having access to piped water.
However, access remains low in the Eastern Cape at 74, 8%.
Only 62, 1% of households were satisfied with the quality of their water services.
SANITATION AND REFUSE REMOVAL:
In 2011 there were still 5, 7% of households with no toilets or using bucket toilets. This number is higher in the Eastern Cape (17%), Limpopo (7,9%) and the Northern Cape (7,6%).
Only 16% of households in Limpopo had their refuse removed by the municipality.
ACCESS TO FOOD:
Access to food improved between 2010 and 2011 with 19, 4% of households in 2011 with inadequate access, compared to 21, 9% in 2010.
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