Two years ago UNAIDS set new strategic goals - zero new infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. This report documents the accelerated progress that is being made in several areas towards realisation of these goals.
Since 2010, 1,5 million more people are receiving ARV treatment, and new infections among children have declined dramatically for the second year running; 57% of pregnant women living with HIV in low and middle income countries in 2011 received ARVs, up from 48% in 2010. In sub-Saharan Africa, access to HIV treatment has reduced the number of people dying from AIDS-related causes.
South Africa is identified as leading the fight against new infections amongst children. It is recognised, along with seven other African countries, as having achieved a rapid decline in new infections and set to reach the 30% target by 2015.
Of cause for concern is the failure to make significant progress and attainment of adult-prevention goals. The report concludes that the “global response to HIV appears likely to fail to meet internationally agreed targets for HIV prevention.” The reason is a failure to implement and scale up some of the basic programmes, such as voluntary medical male circumcision, behavioural change programmes, condom promotion, and programmes for key populations at risk such as sex workers.
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